The Effectiveness of Using Know, Want, Learned, How ( KWLH ) Strategy in Teaching Reading Comprehension

Sergius Alpini



 This study is purposed to investigate the effectiveness of using KWLH strategy in teaching reading comprehension. The data of this study were compiled from the eighth grade learners of SMP Taman Siswa Malang. The research method applied in this study was a pre-experimental study by using one-group pretest-posttest design. The treatment was performed in eight meetings. The reading comprehension test was applied as an instrument to compile the data from pretest and posttest. The subject of the study used was the eighth grade with the total number was 33 students. The research finding proved that the result obtained from the pretest and the posttest were significantly different. The mean score of the students’ pretest was 80.30, whereas the mean score of the students’ posttest was 86.48. By looking at the probability value, the obtained result showed that the P-value was .000 ˂ 0.05, while the value of -t-test observed was -3.887˂ the value of -t-table that was -2.035. Therefore, it can be concluded the null hypothesis (H0) revealed that there is no significant difference on students’ reading comprehension before and after using KWLH strategy was rejected. Meanwhile, the alternative hypothesis (HI) revealed that that there is significant difference on students’ reading comprehension before and after using KWLH strategy was accepted. In other words, the use of KWLH strategy in teaching reading comprehension at the eight grade students of SMP Taman Siswa Malang  in the academic year 2018/2019 was significantly effective.


Keywords: Reading Comprehension, KWLH, Effectiveness.

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