An exploration of the youths perception toward social entrepreneurship development: Evidence from Bangladesh

Dewan Mehrab Ashrafi, Md Atiqur Rahman Sarker, Junaidah Binti Hashim, Ahasanul Haque, Fatima Kanis Nayan

Abstract


A plethora of researchers has dominantly kept their focal point on the concept of social entrepreneurship and its economic development and sustainable aspect, but very few studies have been carried out which solely emphasized the youth and social entrepreneurship in Bangladesh. This study aims to explore the factors associated with the perception development of social entrepreneurship intention among business school graduates in Bangladesh. Primary data has been collected by using a structured questionnaire on 350 respondents and analyzed by using Spearman correlation. This study revealed most of the young graduates chose to participate in social entrepreneurship since it allows them to be independent and help to fulfill their social spirit. They also perceived that social entrepreneurship as a respectable and noble career. Interestingly, they also considered that job as risky and seems like take the advantage of other difficulties or poverty. They are also do not get family support to do social business because they perceived that social entrepreneurship is only for people who cannot get the desired job.

Keywords


Social Entrepreneurship; Society Perception; Government Obstacles; Barrier; Motivation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alvord, S. H., Brown, L. D., & Letts, C. W. (2004). Social entrepreneurship and societal transformation. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 40(3), 260–282. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021886304266847

Banodia, S. G., & Dubey, N. (2017). Role of social entrepreneurs as social change agents: an insight. Research Journal of Management Sciences, 6(2), 19–22.

Baporikar, N. (2017). Boundaries and Challenges for Social Entrepreneurship. In Entrepreneurship: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (pp. 379–399). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-1923-2.ch017

Blok, V., Hoffmans, L., & Wubben, E. F. M. (2015). Stakeholder engagement for responsible innovation in the private sector: critical issues and management practices. Journal on Chain and Network Science, 15(2), 147–164. https://doi.org/10.3920/JCNS2015.x003

Caringal-Go, J. F., & Hechanova, M. R. M. (2018). Motivational needs and intent to stay of social enterprise workers. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 9(3), 200–214. https://doi.org/10.1080/19420676.2018.1468352

Carvalho, J. M. S. (2017). Social innovation and entrepreneurship: The case of Porto region. In Entrepreneurship: Concepts, methodologies, tools, and applications (pp. 539–573). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-9567-2.ch023

Catford, J. (1998). Social entrepreneurs are vital for health promotion--but they need supportive environments too. Health Promotion International, 13(2), 95–97. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/13.2.95

Chandra, Y., & Shang, L. (2017). Unpacking the biographical antecedents of the emergence of social enterprises: A Narrative perspective. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 28(6), 2498–2529. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-017-9860-2

Choi, N., & Majumdar, S. (2014). Social entrepreneurship as an essentially contested concept: Opening a new avenue for systematic future research. Journal of Business Venturing, 29(3), 363–376. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2013.05.001

Davis, S. M. (2002). Social entrepreneurship: Towards an entrepreneurial culture for social and economic development. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=978868

De Bruin, A., & Lewis, K. V. (2015). Traversing the terrain of context in social entrepreneurship. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 6(2), 127–136. https://doi.org/10.1080/19420676.2015.1038005

Dees, J., & Anderson, B. (2003). For-profit social ventures. Social Entrepreneurship, 2(1), 1–26.

Dees, J. G., & Elias, J. (1998). The challenges of combining social and commercial enterprise. Business Ethics Quarterly, 8(1), 165–178. https://doi.org/10.5840/10.2307/3857527

Drayton, W. (2006). Everyone a changemaker: Social entrepreneurship’s ultimate goal. Innovations: Technology, Governance, Globalization, 1(1), 80–96. https://doi.org/10.1162/itgg.2006.1.1.80

Haugh, H. (2007). New strategies for a sustainable society: The growing contribution of social entrepreneurship. Business Ethics Quarterly, 17(4), 743–749. https://doi.org/10.5840/beq20071747

Lubberink, R., Blok, V., van Ophem, J., van der Velde, G., & Omta, O. (2018). Innovation for society: Towards a typology of developing innovations by social entrepreneurs. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 9(1), 52–78. https://doi.org/10.1080/19420676.2017.1410212

Maas, K., & Grieco, C. (2017). Distinguishing game changers from boastful charlatans: Which social enterprises measure their impact? Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 8(1), 110–128. https://doi.org/10.1080/19420676.2017.1304435

Martín, C. T., & Cuervo-Arango, C. (2016). A Model for Social Entrepreneurship Education. In Handbook of Research on Social Entrepreneurship and Solidarity Economics (pp. 174–191). IGI Global.

Martin, R. L., & Osberg, S. (2007). Social entrepreneurship: The case for definition. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Retrieved from http://www.ngobiz.org/picture/File/Social Enterpeuneur-The Case of Definition.pdf

Mueller, S., D’Intino, R. S., Walske, J., Ehrenhard, M. L., Newbert, S. L., Robinson, J. A., & Senjem, J. C. (2015). What’s holding back social entrepreneurship? Removing the impediments to theoretical advancement. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 6(3), 245–256. https://doi.org/10.1080/19420676.2014.954259

Newey, L. R. (2018). ‘Changing the system’: Compensatory versus transformative social entrepreneurship. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 9(1), 13–30. https://doi.org/10.1080/19420676.2017.1408671

Newth, J., & Woods, C. (2014). Resistance to social entrepreneurship: How context shapes innovation. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 5(2), 192–213. https://doi.org/10.1080/19420676.2014.889739

Pervez, T., Maritz, A., & De Waal, A. (2013). Innovation and social entrepreneurship at the bottom of the pyramid - A conceptual framework. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 16(5), 54–66. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v16i5.628

Phillips, W., Lee, H., Ghobadian, A., O’Regan, N., & James, P. (2015). Social innovation and social entrepreneurship. Group & Organization Management, 40(3), 428–461. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601114560063

Popoviciu, I., & Popoviciu, S. A. (2011). Social entrepreneurship, social enterprise and the principles of a community of practice. Revista de Cercetare Si Interventie Sociala, 33, 44. Retrieved from https://www.ceeol.com/search/article-detail?id=237163

Sassmannshausen, S. P., & Volkmann, C. (2018). The scientometrics of social entrepreneurship and Its establishment as an academic field. Journal of Small Business Management, 56(2), 251–273. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12254

Seelos, C., & Mair, J. (2005). Social entrepreneurship: Creating new business models to serve the poor. Business Horizons, 48(3), 241–246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2004.11.006

Shen, D., Li, X., & Zhang, W. (2018). Baidu news information flow and return volatility: Evidence for the Sequential Information Arrival Hypothesis. Economic Modelling. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2017.09.012

Sijabat, R. (2015). The role of social entrepreneurship in enabling economic opportunities for the poor: A synthesis of the literature and empirical works. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 6(11), 35–41.

Silva, A. C., & Poza, C. (2016). A Review of the Social Entrepreneurship Phenomenon. In Handbook of Research on Social Entrepreneurship and Solidarity Economics (pp. 1–26). IGI Global. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-1923-2.ch001

Smith-Hunter, A. E. (2011). Toward a multidimensional model of social entrepreneurship: Definitions, clarifications, and theoretical perspectives. Journal of Business & Economics Research (JBER), 6(6). https://doi.org/10.19030/jber.v6i6.2435

Stilgoe, J., Owen, R., & Macnaghten, P. (2013). Developing a framework for responsible innovation. Research Policy, 42(9), 1568–1580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2013.05.008

Thompson, J. L. (2002). The world of the social entrepreneur. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 15(5), 412–431. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513550210435746

Tiwari, P., Bhat, A. K., & Tikoria, J. (2017a). An empirical analysis of the factors affecting social entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 7(1), 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40497-017-0067-1

Tiwari, P., Bhat, A. K., & Tikoria, J. (2017b). The role of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy on social entrepreneurial attitudes and social entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 8(2), 165–185. https://doi.org/10.1080/19420676.2017.1371628

von Jacobi, N., Nicholls, A., & Chiappero-Martinetti, E. (2017). Theorizing social innovation to address marginalization. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 8(3), 265–270. https://doi.org/10.1080/19420676.2017.1380340

Waddock, S., & Steckler, E. (2016). Visionaries and wayfinders: Deliberate and emergent pathways to vision in social entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Ethics, 133(4), 719–734. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-014-2451-x

Weaver, R. L. (2018). Re-conceptualizing social value: applying the capability approach in social enterprise research. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 9(2), 79–93. https://doi.org/10.1080/19420676.2018.1430607

Wiklund, J., Davidsson, P., Audretsch, D. B., & Karlsson, C. (2011). The future of entrepreneurship research. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2010.00420.x




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31106/jema.v17i1.5539

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 JEMA: Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Akuntansi dan Manajemen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

JEMA: Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Akuntansi dan Manajemen is indexed by:

      

JEMA: Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Akuntansi dan Manajemen also registered in ICI (Index Copernicus International) as N/I Journal

 

Creative Commons License
JEMA: Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Akuntansi dan Manajemen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License