Dominasi Kedaulatan Negara dalam Integrasi Pemerintahan Uni Eropa: Penolakan Yunani Terhadap Pengungsi Syria

Hirshi Anadza

Abstract


Integration becomes a solution when global government does not have capability to overcome power domination of state. By having integration, it is expected that all of member state can put all their authority in supranational governance, such as European Union (EU) so balance could be happen. By giving such kind of integration, the agreement of policies can be followed by the members of EU based on solidarity and tolerance among the members. However, this integration has not succeeded in reducing domination of country sovereignty that influences the variety of each country necessity, even it happen in not powerful state. This phenomenon is reflected when Greece broke the agreement of EU policy related to refugees protection, called Common European Asylum System (CEAS), by refuse asylum seekers from Syria. There are two things that must be highlighted when Greece refuse asylum seekers from Syria. First, domestic problem that can restrain Greece government in obeying CEAS policies. Second, the value of tolerance and solidarity from other countries has not be adhered in the policies agreed by each members of EU. Therefore, this paper explain further about studies to find the relationship between integration in supranational governance and country sovereignty.

Keywords


integration, sovereignty, European Union, refugees

Full Text:

PDF

References


AFP. (2013). More Than 2,000 Killed in Syria Since Ramadhan Began. Diakses dari http://www.timesofoman.com/News/Article-20325.aspx pada 22 Desember 2013.

Anon. (2008). A guide to the Treaty of Lisbon. European Union insight. diakses dari http://www.lawsociety.org.uk/documents/downloads/guide_to_treaty_of_lisbon.pdf pada 17 Januari 2014.

Anon. (2012). EU: Provide Protection for Syrian Refugees. Diakses dari http://www.hrw.org/news/2012/12/23/eu-provide-protection-syrian-refugees pada 17 Januari 2014.

Anon. (2013). NGO Claims Greek Authorities are ‘Pushing Back’ Syrian Refugees. Diakses dari http://www.enetenglish.gr/?i=news.en.article&id=1599 pada 22 Desember 2013.

Anon. (2013). No Welcome Mat for Syrian in Europe. Diakses dari http://www.irinnews.org/report/98826/no-welcome-mat-for-syrians-in-europe pada 17 Januari 2014.

Anon. (2013). UN Warns Greece, Bulgaria: Don’t Turn Away Syria Refugees. Diakses dari http://www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=155589 pada 16 Januari 2014

Anon. tt. Syrian Refugees: A Snapshot of the Crisis- In the Middle East and Europe. Diakses dari http://syrianrefugees.eu/ pada 22 Desember 2013.

Arista, Riski S. (2013). Pemindahan Pencari Suaka dalam Pengaturan Pencari Suaka Region di Uni Eropa Dikaitkan dengan Prinsip Non-Refoulement Menurut Hukum Internasional dan Standar Hak Asasi Manusia Internasional. Skripsi Sarjana. Bandung: Fakultas Hukum Universitas Padjadjaran.

Beuthner, Beatrix dan Dyan Kostermans. (2012). Upaya Uni Eropa untuk Batasi Pengungsi. diakses dari http://www.dw.de/upaya-uni-eropa-untuk-batasi-pengungsi/a-15800278 pada 17 Januari 2014.

Cameron, Fraser. (2010). The European Union as a Model for Regional Integration. Working Paper: CFR’s International Institutions and Global Governance.

Decker, Frank. (2002). Governance Beyond the Nation State. Reflection on the Democratic Deficit of the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy, 9 (2/2002).

European Comission. (2013). Common European Asylum System. Diakses dari http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/asylum/index_en.htm pada 16 Januari 2014.

---------------------------. (2013). Syria Crisis: EU Delivers on Its Pledges and Mobilises Another €85 Million for Syria and Jordan. Diakses dari http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-13-999_en.htm pada 17 Januari 2014.

Fargues, Philippe dan Christine Fandrich. (2012). The European Response to the Syrian Refugee Crisis: What Next? MPC RR 2012/14, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, San Domenico di Fiesole (FI): European University Institute.

Fonte, John. (2011). Sovereignty or Submission: Liberal Democracy of Global Governance? Foreign Policy Research Institute.

Haddad, Emma. (2008). The Refugee in International Society: Between Sovereignty. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Jamieson, Alastair. (2013). Syria Refugee Crisis is ‘Greatest Humanitarian Tragedy of Our Times’: UN. Diakses dari http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/12/18/21954277-syria-refugee-crisis-is-greatest-humanitarian-tragedy-of-our-times-un pada 22 Desember 2013.

Karakaya, Irem. (2013). Syrian refugees Face Tougher Times as Host Countries Problems Worsen. Diakses dari http://www.todayszaman.com/news-321269-syrian-refugees-face-tougher-times-as-host-countries-problems-worsen.html pada 22 Desember 2013.

Karns, P. Margaret dan Karen A. Mingst. (2004). International Organizations: The Politics and Processes of Global Governance. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.

Langenhove, Luk Van. (2004). Regional Integration and Global Governance. UNU-CRIS Occasional Papers 0-2004/4.

Milanovic, Branko. (2013). The Economic Causes of Migration. Diakses dari http://www.theglobalist.com/economic-causes-migration/ pada 17 Januari 2014.

Peter, Laurence. (2013). Q&A: Migrants and Asylum in the EU. Diakses dari http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-24583286 pada 17 Januari 2014.

UNHCR. (2012). Syria Crisis: UNHCR Urges European Union States to Honour Their Asylum Sistem Principles. Diakses dari http://www.unhcr.org/507d4c586.html pada 15 Januari 2014.

Yaghmaian, Behzad. (2013). Syrian Refugees: A Need for Global Burden Sharing. Diakses dari http://www.theglobalist.com/syrian-refugees-need-global-burden-sharing/ pada 17 Januari 2014.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v1i2.4803

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP)



Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP) is indexed by:

                                 

 

 

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.