The portrayal of gender difference toward swear word: an investigation of words and expressions used by Indonesian students


  • Siti Aisyah STKIP PGRI Bangkalan
  • Chairuddin Chairuddin STKIP PGRI Bangkalan
  • Tera Athena STKIP PGRI Bangkalan



swear word, word choice, gender, students


The society in using language is susceptible to any type of word including the expression of swear word. This research aims to determine of the types in swear word use based on the gender of its use in communication. Descriptive qualitative is used as a research approach and its application uses phenomenology methods. The data are from male and female students by matching them to Wardhaugh's and Jay's list of swear word. Students of elefth social three are selected for this research. Analysis of the results of gender-based reviews shows that men are stronger in the use of swear word forms. In contrast to women who are more aggressive and talk much only in their groups. Sex, death, excretion, bodily functions, religious matters, politics, mother-in-law, animals, nicknames are more widely used by men. For the types of rude comments women use more. This is indicated by their words and expressions that are more feminine and long-winded. Finally, the swear word which is included in this taboo word is used sometimes not the same for men and women.

Author Biographies

Siti Aisyah, STKIP PGRI Bangkalan



Chairuddin Chairuddin, STKIP PGRI Bangkalan



Tera Athena, STKIP PGRI Bangkalan




Afifi, M. (2007). Gender Differences in Mental Health. GoogleSchoolar, 7.

Aji, B. P. (2014). The Use of Swear Words in "Four Brothers" Movie. Surabaya: Faculty of Letters and Humanities State Islamic University UIN Sunan Ampel.

Ary, D. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education. Canada: Wadsworth.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research.United States of America: Library of Congress Cataloging.

Flick, U. (2009). An Introduction to Qualitative Research Fourth Edition Sage. London: Sage.

Google: Meyerhoff, M. (2006). Introducing Sociolinguistics. New York: Routledge.

Guvendir, E. (2015). Why Are Males Inclined to Use Strong Swear Words More than Females? An Evolutionary Explanation Based on Male Intergroup Aggressiveness. ScienceDirect, 7.

Holmes, J. (2008). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. England: Sustainable Forests.

Jay, T. (2009). The Utility and Ubiquity of Taboo Words. SAGE Journals, 9.

Jendra, I. I. (2010). Sociolinguistics the Study of Societies Languages. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Masaki, Y. (2004, 12 13). Critique of J. L. Austin Speech Act Theory. Retrieved from Google:

Nurhayati. (2007). the Use of Swear Words and its Relationship with Taboo Words in Crank. 122.

Popusoi, S. A. (2018). Get the F#*k Out My Way! "Exploring the Carhartic Effect of Swear Words in Coping with Driving Anger. Elsevier, 12.

Putra, R. R. (2012). Bentuk dan Fungsi Kata Umpatan pada Komunikasi Informal di Kalangan Siswa SMA Negeri 3 Surabaya: Kajian Sosiolinguistik. Google scholar, 13.

Samara, A. (2017). Acquiring Variation in An Artificial Language: Children and Adults Are Sensitive to Socially Conditioned Linguistic Variation. Elsevier, 30.

Sumarsono, M. E. (2012). Sosiolinguistik. Yogyakarta: SABDA.

Spolsky, B. (2003). Sociolinguistics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Taguchi, N. (2018). Description and Explanation of Pragmatic Development: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods Research. Elsevier, 10.

Wahyuningsih, S. (2018). Men and Women Differences in Using Language: A Case Study of Students at STAIN Kudus. English Education, Literature, and Culture (EduLite), 12.

Wardhaugh, R. (2006). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics.Australia: Blackwell.

Yule, G. (2010). The Study of Language. New York: Cambridge University Press.




How to Cite

Aisyah, S., Chairuddin, C., & Athena, T. (2020). The portrayal of gender difference toward swear word: an investigation of words and expressions used by Indonesian students. Journal of Research on English and Language Learning (J-REaLL), 1(2), 113–118.