Illocutionary speech acts on Donald Trump's speech in addressing the covid-19 breakout


  • Neni Nurkhamidah STKIP Media Nusantara Citra



speech act, illocutionary, speech, Donald Trump


This research aims at finding out the illocutionary speech act on one Donald Trump's speech in addressing the COVID-19 outbreak. The speech is conducted at Oval Office in 11 March 2020. This is a qualitative research that implemented the theory of speech act by Searle (1979). Result shows that Trumps made all five categories of illocutionary speech act with different amount of each category. The most utterances he made is assertive (54%). The type of assertive in his speech is boasting, claiming, describing, informing, and stating. The next category is commissive (29%) that consist of promising, and planning. In directive categories (15%) the utterance he made is commanding and advising. And Expressive (1%) consist of thanking and the last is declarative (1%) can be seen from his utterance when he blessed the audiences.

Author Biography

Neni Nurkhamidah, STKIP Media Nusantara Citra




Arisetiyani, Y., & Yuliasry, I. (2017). Observance of Cialdini's principles of speech act of persuasion in 2016 U.S. Presidential debates. English Education Journal, 7(3), 237-246. Retrieved from p/eej/article/view/20742

Ashari, M. M. (2019). An Analysis of Teacher Illocutionary Acts in English Teaching and Learning Process at Tenth Grade of MAN 1 Boyolali in Academic Year 2018/2019 (Doctoral Dissertation, IAIN Surakarta).

Cruse, A. (2004). Meaning in Language: An Introduction to Semantics and Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Jimmi and Sidauruk (2019). Speech Acts Analysis in Donald Trump's Speech: Trump Bans All Refugees and Citizens of 7 Majority Muslim Countries Entering U.S. Research and Innovation in Language Learning Vol. 2(1) January 2019 pp. 15-30 P- ISSN: 2614-5960 e-ISSN: 2615-4137

Listya, A., & Novitasari, N. F. (2015). The Analysis of Illocutionary Acts in the President Joko Widodo's Speech. 6(1).

Mack, Natasha. 2005. Qualitative Research Method. USA: Family Heart Internasional.

Mufiah, Muhammad Yazid. 2018. Speech Acts Analysis of Donald Trump's Speech. In Project (Professional Journal of English Education), Retrieved from

Mutmainnah, H., & Sutopo, D. (2016). Spoken text features of the conversation in TV talk show of talk Indonesia. Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature, 9(1), 37-46. Available at

Ramadhani, R., Indrayani, L.M., & Soemantri, Y.S. (2019). Assertive Illocutionary Act Adapted in Donald Trump's Political Speech: A Pragmatic Study. ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities 2 (4), 493-498

Searle, John R. 1999. Expression and Meaning. Studies in the Theory of Speech Acts. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Smith, Peter Wilfred Hesling. (1991). Speech Act Theory, Discourse Structure and Indirect Speech Acts. Thesis: The University of Leeds.

Toolan, M. (1997). Working With Text: A Core Book for Language Analysis. London: Routledge

Ulum, M., Sutopo, D., & Warsono, W. (2018). A Comparison between Trump's and Clinton's Commissive Speech Act in America's Presidential Campaign Speech. English Education Journal, 8(2), 221-228.

Wardhono, A., & Hadi, M. (2017). An Analysis of Barack Obama's Speech Act over the Conflict in Syria and Looming Federal Government Shutdown. DIDAKTIKA: Jurnal Pemikiran Pendidikan, 21(2), 162-174. Retrieved from

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford University Press. New York.




How to Cite

Nurkhamidah, N. (2020). Illocutionary speech acts on Donald Trump’s speech in addressing the covid-19 breakout. Journal of Research on English and Language Learning (J-REaLL), 1(2), 119–126.